chapter – 116 – Subatomic Particle

Epsilon did not waste any time and started working on creating the teleportation spell. He knew that this would be his most important and hardest spell created so far. He could not afford to make any mistakes or he would be teleporting his parts away but would fail to reconstruct himself, in essence killing himself for good.

‘Quantum Teleportation’


‘Users could disassemble the atomic structure down to its most basic components, protons and neutrons, slipping into the quantum field, and then reconstruct them at a different spatial location. Because subatomic particles slipped beneath reality at a quantum level, they could travel through dimensions, allowing time travel.’

‘Knowledge 1’


In physics, a quantum (plural quanta) was the minimum amount of any physical entity (physical property) involved in an interaction. The fundamental notion that a physical property could be ‘quantized’ was referred to as ‘the hypothesis of quantization’. This meant that the magnitude of the physical property could take on only discrete values consisting of integer multiples of one quantum.

For example, a photon was a single quantum of light (or of any other form of electromagnetic radiation).

Similarly, the energy of an electron bound within an atom was quantized and could exist only in certain discrete values. (Atoms and matter, in general, are stable because electrons can exist only at discrete energy levels within an atom.) Quantization was one of the foundations of the much broader physics of quantum mechanics.

Quantization of energy and its influence on how energy and matter interact (quantum electrodynamics) was part of the fundamental framework for understanding and describing nature.

‘Knowledge 2’


Proton, a stable subatomic particle that had a positive charge equal in magnitude to a unit of electron charge and a rest mass of 1.67262 × 10−27 KG, which was 1,836 times the mass of an electron.

Protons, together with electrically neutral particles called neutrons, made up all atomic nuclei except for the hydrogen nucleus (which consisted of a single proton). Every nucleus of a given chemical element has the same number of protons. This number defined the atomic number of an element and determined the position of the element in the periodic table. When the number of protons in a nucleus equalled the number of electrons orbiting the nucleus, the atom was electrically neutral.

The discovery of the proton dated to the earliest investigations of atomic structure. While studying streams of ionized gaseous atoms and molecules from which electrons had been stripped, Wilhelm Wien (1898) and J.J. Thomson (1910) identified a positive particle equal in mass to the hydrogen atom. Ernest Rutherford showed (1919) that nitrogen under alpha-particle bombardment ejects what appear to be hydrogen nuclei. By 1920, he had accepted the hydrogen nucleus as an elementary particle, naming it as the proton.

High-energy particle-physics studies in the late 20th century refined the structural understanding of the nature of the proton within the group of subatomic particles. Protons and neutrons were made up of smaller particles and were classified as baryons — particles composed of three elementary units of matter known as quarks.

‘Knowledge 3’


Neutron, a neutral subatomic particle that was a constituent of every atomic nucleus except ordinary hydrogen. It had no electric charge and the rest mass equalled 1.67493 × 10−27 KG —marginally greater than that of the proton but nearly 1,839 times greater than that of the electron. Neutrons and protons, commonly called nucleons, were bound together in the dense inner core of an atom, the nucleus, where they accounted for 99.9 percent of the atom’s mass.

Developments in high-energy particle physics in the 20th century revealed that neither the neutron nor the proton was a true elementary particle. Rather, they were composites of extremely small elementary particles called quarks. The nucleus was bound together by the residual effect of the strong force, a fundamental interaction that governed the behavior of the quarks that made up the individual protons and neutrons.

‘Knowledge 4’

‘Subatomic Particle’

A subatomic particle, also called the elementary particle, was any of various self-contained units of matter or energy that were the fundamental constituents of all matter. Subatomic particles included electrons, the negatively charged, almost massless particles that nevertheless accounted for most of the size of the atom, and they included the heavier building blocks of the small but very dense nucleus of the atom, the positively charged protons and the electrically neutral neutrons.

But these basic atomic components were by no means the only known subatomic particles. Protons and neutrons, for instance, were themselves made up of elementary particles called quarks, and the electron was only one member of a class of elementary particles that also included the muon and the neutrino. The more unusual subatomic particles, such as the positron, the antimatter counterpart of the electron, have been detected and characterized in cosmic ray interactions in Earth’s atmosphere.

The field of subatomic particles expanded dramatically with the construction of powerful particle accelerators to study high-energy collisions of electrons, protons, and other particles with matter. As particles collided at high energy, the collision energy became available for the creation of subatomic particles such as mesons and hyperons. Finally, completing the revolution that began in the early 20th century with theories of the equivalence of matter and energy, the study of subatomic particles had been transformed by the discovery that the actions of forces were due to the exchange of ‘force’ particles such as photons and gluons. More than 200 subatomic particles have been detected — most of them highly unstable, existing for less than a millionth of a second — as a result of collisions produced in cosmic-ray reactions or particle accelerator experiments.

Theoretical and experimental research in particle physics, the study of subatomic particles and their properties, had given scientists a clearer understanding of the nature of matter and energy and the origin of the universe.”

Due to the delicateness of this spell, Epsilon spent two hours writing the knowledge section of Quantum Teleportation. Once this was completed, he had to work on the matter of ‘Fantasia’ ‘Quotes’ and ‘Description’ of the ability. These things were crucial but not life-or-death important when it came to other abilities.

In the case of this ability, however, a single wrong move would sound the death knell on Epsilon’s life.

You may also like: